Minority Artist Biographical Sources

A list of sources on African American, Asian American, Latino, Native American, women, autistic, and hearing impaired artists.  If these publications are not available through your local library, ask the librarian if these books can be obtained for you through inter-library loan.


The African-American Index. Athens, GA: Black Resource Center, 1991

African and African American Resources at the Smithsonian. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1996

The Barnett-Aden Collection. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press for the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum, 1974

Bernier, Celeste-Marie. African American Visual Arts: From Slavery to the Present. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008

Black Arts Annual. New York: Garland Pub., 1989-

Bolden, Tonya. Wake Up Our Souls: A Celebration of Black American Artists. New York: Abrams [Smithsonian American Art Museum], 2004
Written for young readers.

Bontemps, Arna Alexander. Forever Free: Art by African-American Women. Alexandria, VA: Stepheson Inc., 1980

Cederholm, Theresa Dickason. Afro-American Artists, A Bio-bibliographical Directory. Boston: Trustees of the Boston Public Library, 1992

Coar, Valencia Hollins. A Century of Black Photographers: 1840-1960. Providence: Rhode Island School of Design: Museum of Art, 1983

Contemporary Afro-American Photography. Oberlin, OH: Oberlin College, Allen Memorial Art Museum, 1983

Davis, Lenwood G., and Janet L. Sims. Black Artists in the United States: An Annotated Bibliography of Books, Articles, and Dissertations on Black Artists, 1779-1979. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980

Directions in Afro-American Art. Ithaca, NY: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, 1974

Directory of People of Color in the Visual Arts. New York: College Art Association, 1993

Driskell, David C. Two Centuries of Black American Art. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and Alfred A. Knopf, 1976

Energy/Experimentation: Black Artists and Abstraction 1964-1980. New York: Studio Museum in Harlem, 2006

Farrington, Lisa E. Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005

Furtaw, Julia C. Black Americans Information Directory 1992-1993. Detroit: Gale Research Inc., 1992

Gumbo Ya Ya: Anthology of Contemporary African-American Women Artists. New York: Midmarch Art Press, 1995

Harlem Renaissance: Art of Black America. New York: The Studio Museum in Harlem, 1987

Hedgepeth, Chester M., Jr. Twentieth Century African-American Writers & Artists. Chicago: American Library Association, 1991

Hollis, Sara. “Afro-American Artists, A Handbook.” PhD diss., Atlanta University, 1985

Igoe, Lynn Moody, and James Igoe. 250 Years of Afro-American Art: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: R.R. Bowker Co., 1991

The International Review of African American Art. Santa Monica, CA: Museum of African American Art, 1984

jegede, dele. Encyclopedia of African American Artists. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2009

LaFalle-Collins, Lizetta. 19 Sixties: A Cultural Awakening Re-evaluated 1965-1975. Los Angeles: California Afro-American Museum Foundation, 1989

Lewis, Samella S. African American Art and Artists. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003

Macklin, A. D. A Biographical History of African-American Artists, A-Z. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2001

McElroy, Guy C. African-American Artists, 1880-1987: Selections from the Evans- Tibbs Collection. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service, 1989

Menkes, Diana, ed. The Papers of African American Artists. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art, 1989

Morrison, Keith. Art in Washington & Its Afro-American Presence 1940-1970. Washington, DC: Washington Project for the Arts, 1985

Moutoussamy-Ashe, Jeanne. Viewfinders: Black Women Photographers. New York, Dodd, Mead & Company, 1986

The Negro Artist Comes of Age: A National Survey of Contemporary American Artists. Albany, NY: Albany Institute of History and Art, 1945

Next Generation: Southern Black Aesthetic. Winston-Salem, NC: Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, 1990

Otfinoski, Steven. African Americans in the Visual Arts. New York: Facts on File, 2003 Patton, Sharon F. African American Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998

Perry, Regenia A. Selections of Nineteenth-Century Afro-American Art. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1976

Powell, Richard J. African and Afro-American Art: Call and Response. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1984

Powell, Richard J. Black Art: A Cultural History. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2003

Radical Presence: Black Performance in Contemporary Art. Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, 2013

Reflections of a Southern Heritage: 20th Century Black Artists of the Southeast. Charleston, SC: Gibbes Art Gallery, 1977

Reynolds, Gary A. Against the Odds: African-American Artists & the Harmon Foundation. Newark, NJ: Newark Museum, 1989

Riggs, Thomas, ed. St. James Guide to Black Artists. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997

Ritual and Myth: A Survey of African-American Art. New York: Studio Museum in Harlem, 1982

Rollock, Barbara. Black Authors & Illustrators of Children's Books. New York: Garland Press, 1992

Since the Harlem Renaissance: 50 Years of African American Artists. Lewisburg, PA: The Center Gallery of Bucknell University, 1985

Thomas, Floyd R., Jr. “Cultural Conservation Through the Preservation of Material Culture--the Representation of Black American Artists in "Mainstream" Museums”. PhD diss., University of Kansas, 1989. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1991

Who's Who Among African Americans. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1994-

Willis, Deborah. Reflections in Black: a History of Black Photographers, 1840 to the Present. New York: W. W. Norton, 2000

Willis-Thomas, Deborah. Black Photographers, 1840-1940: An Illustrated Biobibliography. New York: Garland Pub., 1985

Asian-American and Pacific Islanders

Artists of Chinese Origin in North America Directory. First edition 1993–1994. Westmont, IL: Artists Magazine, Intl. Institute for the Arts: Point Gallery, c.1993

Asia/America: Identities in Contemporary Asian American Art. New York: Asia Society Galleries, New Press, 1994

At the Crossroads: Celebrating the Centennial of Korean Immigration to the U.S.: Twenty Contemporary New York Artists. New York: Gallery Korea, Korean Cultural Service, 2003

Brown, Michael D. Views from Asian California, 1920-1965. San Francisco: Michael Brown, 1992

Chang, Gordon H., ed. Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008

Chiu, Melissa, Karin Higa, and Susette S. Min, eds. One Way or Another: Asian American Art Now. New Haven, CT: Asia Society with Yale University Press, 2006

Circle of Friendship: Asian Pacific American Artists. Washington, DC: Asian American Arts & Media, Inc., c.1992

Cornell, Daniell, and Mark Dean Johnson, eds. Asian/American/Modern Art: Shifting Currents, 1900-1970. San Francisco: Fine Arts Museums of San Fracisco; Berkley: University of California Press, 2008

Dreams & Reality: Korean American Contemporary Art: Celebrating 100 Years of Korean American Immigration to the U.S. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian International Gallery, 2003

Green Light: Twenty Young Korean Artists in New York. New York: Gallery Korea, Korean Cultural Service, 2004

Haar, Francis, and Pritwish Neogy. Artists of Hawaii. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii, 1974

Haar, Francis. Artists of Hawaii. Honolulu: The University of Hawaii, 1977

Hallmark, Kara Kelley. Encyclopedia of Asian American Artists. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2007

Poon, Irene. Leading the Way: Asian American Artists of the Older Generation. Wenham, MA: Gordon College, 2001

Radford, Georgia, and Warren Radford. Sculpture in the Sun: Hawaii Art for Open Spaces. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii, 1978

Tsutakawa, Mayumi. They Painted from Their Hearts: Pioneer Asian American Artists. Washington, DC: Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1994

The View from Within: Japanese American Art From the Internment Camps, 1942-1945. Los Angeles: Japanese American National Museum, 1992

Wechsler, Jeffrey, ed. Asian Traditions, Modern Expressions: Asian American Artists and Abstraction, 1945-1970. New York: Abrams (Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum), 1997

Who's Who Among Asian Americans. Detroit: Gale Research, 1994

With New Eyes: Toward an Asian American Art History in the West. San Francisco: College of Creative Arts, 1995

Autistic Artists

Mullin, Jill, and Temple Grandin. Drawing Autism. New York: Akashic Books, 2014

Simmons, Karen, and Bernice Pelletier. Artism: Art by Those with Autism. Seattle: Autism Today, 2004

Deaf/Hearing Impaired Artists

Deaf Artists of America. Artists Directory. Rochester, NY: Deaf Artists of America, Inc., 1990-

Sonnenstrahl, Deborah M. Deaf Artists in America: colonial to contemporary. San Diego, CA: DawnSignPress, c.2002

Hispanic & Latino

Barnitz, Jacqueline, et al. Latin American Artist in New York Since 1970. Austin, TX: Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, The University of Texas at Austin, 1987

Beardsley, John, and Jane Livingston. Hispanic Art in the United States: Thirty Contemporary Painters & Sculptors. Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1987

Cancel, Luis, et al. The Latin American Spirit: Art & Artists in the United States, 1920- 1970. New York: Harry N. Abrams and Bronx Museum of the Arts, 1988

Castagno, John. Latin American Artists' Signatures and Monograms. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1997

Cockcroft, James D. Latino Visions: Contemporary Chicano, Puerto Rican, and Cuban American Artists. New York: Franklin Watts, 2000

Congdon, Kristin G. Artists from Latin American Cultures: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002

Contemporary Chicana and Chicano Art: Artists, Works, Culture, and Education. Tempe, AZ: Bilingual Press/Editorial Bilingue, 2002

The Cross and the Sword. San Diego, CA: Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego, 1976

Cuba-USA: The First Generation: Exhibition Tour 1991-1992. Washington, D.C.: Fondo del Sol Visual Arts Center, 1991

Espinosa, Jose Edmundo. Saints in the Valleys. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1960

Expresiones Hispanas 88/89. Golden, CO: Adolph Coors Company, 1988

From the West: Chicano Narrative Photography. San Francisco: Mexican Museum, 1995

Fuentes-Perez, Ileana, et al. Outside of Cuba/Fuera de Cuba. Miami: Office of Hispanic Art and Research, 1984

Goldman, Shifra M., and Tomas Ybarra-Frausto. Arte Chicano, a Comprehensive Bibliography of Chicano Art, 1965-1981. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1985

Griswold del Castillo, Richard, et al., eds. Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965-1985. Los Angeles: Wright Art Gallery, University of California, 1991

Henkes, Robert. Latin American Women Artist of the United States: The Works of 33 Twentieth-Century Women. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1999

Herrera, Andrea O’Reilly. Cuban Artists Across the Diaspora: Setting the Tent Against the House. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011

Herrera, Olga U. Toward the Preservation of a Heritage: Latin American and Latino Art in the United States. Notre Dame, IN: Institute for Latino Studies, 2008

Hispanic-American Almanac: A Reference Work on Hispanics in the United States. lst ed. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., c.1993

Jackson, Carlos Francisco. Chicana and Chicano Art: ProtestArte. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2009

Jasper, Pat, and Kay Turner. Art Among Us [Arte entre Nosotros]: Mexican American Folk Art of San Antonio. San Antonio, TX: San Antonio Museum of Art, 1986

Keller, Gary D. Triumph of Our Communities: Four Decades of Mexican American Art. Tempe, AZ: Bilingual Press/Editorial Bilingue, 2005

Lockpez, Inverna. Chicano Expressions: A New View in American Art. New York: INTAR Latin American Gallery, 1986

Lugo-Saavedra, Denise, and John Spray. Aqui: 27 Latin American Artists Living & Working in the United States. Los Angeles: University of Southern California, 1984

Meier, Matt S. Mexican American Biographies, A Historical Dictionary 1836-1987. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1988
For artist biographies see index under “Fine arts”.

Mex/L.A.: “Mexican” Modernism(s) in Los Angeles, 1930-1985. Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Verlang (Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CA), 2011

Otfinoski, Steven. Latinos in the Arts. New York: Facts on File, 2007

The Papers of Latino & Latin American Artists. Washington, DC: Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1996

Partch, Elizabeth, ed. Body/Culture: Chicano Figuration. Ronhert Park, CA: University Art Gallery, Sonoma State University, 1990

Puerto, Cecilia. Latin American Women Artists, Kahlo and Look Who Else: a Selective Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996

Quirarte, Jacinto. Mexican-American Artists. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1973

Raices Antiguas/Visiones Nuevas=Ancient Roots/New Visions. Tucson, AZ: Tucson, Museum of Art, 1977

Ramos, E. Carmen. Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian American Art Museum/ D. Giles, Ltd., 2014

Riggs, Thomas, ed. St. James Guide to Hispanic Artists: Profiles of Latino and Latin American Artists. Detroit: St. James Press, 2002

Sanjurjo, Annick, ed. Contemporary Latin American Artists: Exhibitions at the Organization of American States, 1941-1964. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1997

Sanjurjo, Annick, ed. Contemporary Latin American Artists: Exhibitions at the Organization of American States, 1965-1985. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1993

Vargas, George. Contemporary Chican@ Art: Color & Culture for a New America. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010

Vargas, George. Contemporary Latino Art in Michigan, the Midwest and the Southwest. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1988

Who's Who Among Hispanic Americans. Detroit: Gale Research Inc., 1991

Wroth, William. Christian Images in Hispanic New Mexico. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Taylor Museum, 1982

Wroth, William. Images of Penance Images of Mercy. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991


Ferguson, Russell et al., eds. Out There: Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press [New Museum of Contemporary Art], 1990

Kina, Laura, and Wei Ming Dariotis. War Baby/Love Child: Mixed Race Asian American Art. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2013

Lippard, Lucy R. Mixed Blessings/New Art in a Multicultural America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1990

Lucie-Smith, Edward. Race, Sex and Gender: In Contemporary Art. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1994

McCabe, Cynthia Jaffee. The American Experience: Contemporary Immigrant Artists. New York: Independent Curators Incorporated, 1985

Native American & Alaskan Native

Anthes, Bill. Native Modern: American Indian Painting, 1940-1960. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006

Archuleta, Margaret and Rennard Strickland. Shared Visions: Native American Painters and Sculptors in the Twentieth Century. Phoenix, AZ: The Heard Museum, 1991

Broder, Patricia Janis. American Indian Painting & Sculpture. New York: Abbeville Press, c.1981

Brody, J. J. Indian Painters & White Patrons. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1971

Brumble III, H. David. An Annotated Bibliography of American Indian and Eskimo Autobiographies. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1981

Contemporary Native Art of Alaska from the Collection of the Anchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum. Anchorage, AK: Anchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum, 1979

Dawdy, Doris. Annotated bibliography of American Indian Painting. New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, 1968

Deats, Suzanne. Contemporary Native American Artists. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith, 2012

Dunn, Dorothy. American Indian Painting of the Southwest & Plains Area. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico, 1968

Everett, Deborah and Elayne Zorn. Encyclopedia of Native American Artists. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008

Ewers, John C. Plains Indian Sculpture: A Traditional Art from America's Heartland. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1986

The Extension of Tradition: Contemporary California Native Americans. Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum, c.1985

Feder, Norman. American Indian Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1971

Gray, Philip Howard. A Directory of Eskimo Artists in Sculpture and Prints. Bozeman, MT: Gray Pub., 1974

Henkes, Robert. Native American Painters of the Twentieth Century: The Works of 61 Artists. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1995

Highwater, Jamake. Arts of the Indian Americas, Leaves from the Sacred Tree. New York: Harper & Row, 1983

Hopi Photographers/ Hopi Images. Tucson, AZ: Sun Tracks & University of Arizona Press, 1983

Institute of American Indian Arts Alumni Exhibition. Fort Worth, TX: Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, 1973

Jacka, Jerry D. and Lois Essary Jacka. Beyond Tradition: Contemporary Indian Art and Its Evolution. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Pub., 1988

Matuz, Roger, ed. St. James Guide to Native North American Artists. Detroit: St. James Press, c.1998.

Monthan, Guy & Doris Monthan. Art and the Indian Individualist. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Press, 1975.

Ndn Art: Contemporary Native American Art. Albuquerque, NM: Fresco Fine Art Publications, 2003

New Directions Northwest: Contemporary Native American Art. Olympia, WA: Evergreen State College, 1986

Parezo, Nancy J., et al. Southwest Native American Arts and Material Culture: A Guide to Research. New York: Garland Pub., 1991

Reno, Dawn E. Contemporary Native American Artists. Brooklyn, NY: Alliance Publishing, Inc., 1995

Snodgrass, Jeanne O. American Indian Painters: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, 1968

Wade, Edwin L. Magic Images: Contemporary Native American Art. Norman, OK: Philbrook Art Center, University of Oklahoma, 1981


American Artists '76: A Celebration. San Antonio, TX: Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute, 1976

American Women Artists. New York: Sidney Janis Gallery, 1984

American Women Artists, 1819-1947: The Neville-Strass Collection. [Hagerstown, MD?]: Neville-Strass Collection, 2003

American Women: Twentieth Century. Peoria, IL: Lakeview Center for the Arts and Sciences, 1972

Anderson, Janet. Women in the Fine Arts: A Bibliography and Illustration Guide. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1991

Art by American Women: Selections from the Collection of Louise and Alan Sellars. [Marietta, GA?]: Louise and Alan Sellars Collection of Art by American Women, 1991

Becket, Wendy. Contemporary Women Artists. New York: Universe Books, 1988

Conklin, Jo Anne. The Louise Noun Collection: Art by Women. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Museum of Art, 1990

Contemporaries, 17 Artists. Los Angeles: Pacific Security Bank, 1980

Contemporary Art by Women of Color. San Antonio, TX: The Guadalupe Arts Center and the Instituto Cultural Mexicano, 1990

Doumato, Lamia. Architecture & Women: A Bibliography, Documenting Women Architects, Landscape Architects, Designers, Architectural Critics and Writers and Women in Related Fields Working in the United States. New York: Garland Pub., 1988

Dunford, Penny. A Biographical Dictionary of Women Artists in Europe and American Since 1850. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989

Farrington, Lisa E. Creating their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005

Faxon, Alicia, and Sylvia Moore. Pilgrims and Pioneers: New England Women in the Arts. New York: Midmarch Arts Press, 1987

Gumbo Ya Ya: Anthology of Contemporary African-American Women Artists. New York: Midmarch Art Press, 1995

Heller, Jules, and Nancy Heller. North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century. New York: Garland Pub., 1995

Henkes, Robert. Latin American Women Artist of the United States: the works of 33 Twentieth-Century Women. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1999

Kort, Carol and Liz Sonneborn. A to Z of American Women in the Visual Arts. New York: Fact on File, 2002

Kovinick, Phil. An Encyclopedia of Women Artists of the American West. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1998

Marling, Karal Anne, and Helen A. Harrison. 7 American Women: The Depression Decade. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College Art Gallery, 1976

Marter, Joan. Women and Abstract Expressionism: Painting and Sculpture, 1945-1959. New York: Baruch College, 1997

Moore, Sylvia. Yesterday and Tomorrow: California Women Artists. New York: Midmarch Arts Press, 1989

Moutoussamy-Ashe, Jeanne. Viewfinders: Black Women Photographers. New York, Dodd, Mead & Company, 1986

Munsterberg, Hugo. A History of Women Artists. New York: Clarkson N. Potter Inc., 1975

Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985

Prather-Moses, Alice Irma, comp. The International Directory of Women Workers in the Decorative Arts: A Historical Survey from the Distant Past to the Early Decades of the Twentieth Century. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1981

Preato, Robert R. The Genius of the Fair Muse: Painting and Sculpture Celebrating American Women Artists 1875 to 1945. New York: Grand Central Galleries, 1987

Prieto, Laura R. At Home in the Studio: the Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001

Puerto, Cecilia. Latin American Women Artists, Kahlo and Look Who Else: a Selective Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996

Rubinstein, Charlotte Streifer. American Women Sculptors: A History of Women Working in Three Dimensions. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1990

Seaton, Elizabeth G., ed. Paths to the Press:Printmaking and American Women Artists, 1910-1960. Manhattan, KS: Mariana Kistler Beach Museum of Art, Kansas State University, 2006

Tufts, Eleanor. American Women Artists 1830-1930. Washington, DC: The National Museum of Women in the Arts, 1987

Views by Women Artists: Sixteen Independently Curated Theme Shows. New York: New York Chapter of the Women's Caucus for Art, 1982

WARM: A Landmark Exhibition. Minneapolis, MN: Women's Art Registry of Minnesota, 1984

Watson-Jones, Virginia. Contemporary American Women Sculptors. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1986

Withers, Josephine. Women Artists in Washington Collections. College Park, MD: The Gallery, 1979

Women Artists: A Checklist of Works in the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection. Washington, DC: Women's Program of the Smithsonian Institution, 1979

Women of Photography, An Historical Survey. San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Art, 1975