Solon Borglum was born in Utah and spent most of his childhood on the Nebraska prairie where his father practiced medicine. He started out as a cowboy-rancher, but his older brother Gutzon, who sculpted Mount Rushmore, persuaded him to pursue art.
Paul Cadmus used the classical technique of egg tempera to create satirical images of American life. He left school at fifteen to attend the National Academy of Design, then worked as a commercial illustrator while taking classes at the Art Students League.
Jacob Kainen moved to New York at a young age and began studying drawing at the Art Students League, the Pratt Institute School of Art, and the New York University School of Architecture.
Julian Alden Weir grew up in an artistic home on the campus of West Point Military Academy, where his father taught art.
Robert Cottingham studied advertising and graphic design at Pratt Institute in New York from 1959 to 1963. Soon after graduating, he was employed as an art director at New York and Los Angeles advertising agencies, where he was involved with all aspects of design and production.
Olin Levi Warner first won praise for a bust of his father that he submitted to a state fair while he was still a teenager. Warner’s family had no money to support his study of art, so he became a telegrapher.
An elementary school teacher for twelve years, and an instructor at the Bauhaus from 1923 until 1933, Josef Albers was one of the most influential artist-educators to immigrate to the United States during the 1930s.