James Wilson

  • Jean Pierre Henri Elouis, James Wilson, ca. 1792, watercolor on ivory, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Catherine Walden Myer Fund, 1952.3.3

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James Wilson (1742-1798) was a famous American statesman, lawyer, Supreme Court justice, and land speculator. He was born in Carskerdo, Scotland, and immigrated in 1766 to the colonies. He settled in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where he practiced law. He promoted the idea that the British parliament held no authority over the colonies, and in 1775 was elected to the Second Continental Congress and penned his signature on the Declaration of Independence. He served a second term in Congress from 1785 to 1787, during which time he won praise for his draft of the federal Constitution.

James Wilson
ca. 1792
On View
Not on view.
sight 2 5/8 x 2 in. (6.7 x 5.2 cm) oval
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Museum purchase through the Catherine Walden Myer Fund

Mediums Description
watercolor on ivory
  • Portrait male – Wilson, James – bust
Object Number
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI

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ca. 1795
watercolor on ivory

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