Major-General Anthony Wayne

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“Mad Anthony” Wayne (1745-1796) was one of the most colorful figures of the American Revolution. His early training as a surveyor came in handy as he guided his troops during the Valley Forge campaign. Following the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Washington sent Wayne into South Carolina to chase the British out, after which he was promoted to major general. He returned home in 1783 and reentered the Pennsylvania legislature, where he had served until 1775. When Washington appointed him commander in chief of the United States Army, Wayne turned to fighting Indian tribes along the Great Lakes, finally achieving peace with the Treaty of Greenville in 1795 before retiring from military service. He chose to be depicted in this miniature in his uniform at the rank of major general, probably as he reentered the legislature.

Major-General Anthony Wayne
ca. 1795
Not on view
image (oval): 1 3/4 x 1 3/8 in. (4.5 x 3.4 cm)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Spencer

Mediums Description
watercolor on ivory
  • Occupation – military – general
  • Dress – uniform – military uniform
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