Geronimo

  • Elbridge Ayer Burbank, Geronimo, 1899, oil on board, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Given in memory of Doris and James Snell, friends of the artist, 2000.68

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Geronimo was a medicine man and highly respected Apache leader who fought to protect his tribe from the government’s Indian policies. He avoided capture several times, but in 1886 he surrendered and was sent with other Apaches to a reservation at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Thereafter, he served as a government scout, worked as a farmer, and joined the Dutch Reformed Church. He was a public figure who participated in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West touring show, Theodore Roosevelt’s inauguration, and the St. Louis World’s Fair. Elbridge Ayer Burbank’s uncle Edward Everett Ayer commissioned the artist to paint portraits of Native Americans, and Geronimo was his first subject. In this half-length painting, Burbank showed Geronimo in profile. The great Apache seems still to be on guard, turning warily to confront an approaching visitor. (Truettner, ed., The West As America: Reinterpreting Images of the Frontier, 1820-1920, 1991)

Title
Geronimo
Artist
Date
1899
On View
Dimensions
12 x 10 in. (30.4 x 25.4 cm)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Given in memory of Doris and James Snell, friends of the artist

Mediums Description
oil on board
Classifications
Keywords
  • Ethnic – Indian – Apache
  • Portrait male – Geronimo – bust
  • Occupation – other – chief
Object Number
2000.68
Palette
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI
Audio

Geronimo
about 1900, oil on canvas

ELBRIDGE AYER BURBANK
Born: Harvard, Illinois 1858– Died: San Francisco, California 1949

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