Marian Anderson

  • William H. Johnson, Marian Anderson, ca. 1945, oil on paperboard, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the Harmon Foundation, 1967.59.657

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In 1939, opera singer Marian Anderson was barred by the Daughters of the American Revolution from performing in Washington’s Constitution Hall. Eleanor Roosevelt intervened, and Anderson was invited to sing on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. She sang on Easter Sunday, April 9th, before an audience of seventy-five thousand people, while millions more listened on the radio. William H. Johnson painted the event some years later, and the European flags and landmarks surrounding the central figure show that the artist recognized the parallels between Anderson’s career and his own. Like Johnson, Anderson had sought her opportunities abroad, performing for audiences in Scandinavia just when Johnson and his wife were traveling in Norway and Sweden. Painter and singer alike had enjoyed greater freedom in Europe’s capitals than they experienced in the United States, where they had seen their professional standing compromised by racial attitudes.

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“I said yes, but the yes did not come easily or quickly . . . As I thought further, I could see that my significance as an individual was small in this affair. I had become, whether I like it or not, a symbol, representing my people.” Marian Anderson

Title
Marian Anderson
Artist
Date
ca. 1945
Location
Not on view
Dimensions
35 5/8 x 28 7/8 in. (90.4 x 73.2 cm.)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Gift of the Harmon Foundation

Mediums
Mediums Description
oil on paperboard
Classifications
Keywords
  • Architecture Exterior – civic – Eiffel Tower
  • Architecture Exterior – civic – White House
  • Object – other – flag
  • Performing arts – music – voice
  • Portrait female – Roosevelt, Eleanor
  • Architecture Exterior – civic – Lincoln Memorial
  • Portrait female – Anderson, Marian – full length
  • Architecture – religious – church
Object Number
1967.59.657
Palette
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI
Audio

Marian Anderson
1901, oil on paperboard

WILLIAM H. JOHNSON
Born: Florence, South Carolina 1901– Died: Central Islip, New York 1970

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