The Art of Remembering 9/11

How artists contribute to our collective memory of events

A pixelated photograph of a scene of a destroyed city. The image is in shades of gray.

Thomas Ruff, jpeg de01, 2005, chromogenic print, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Sarah and Gary Wolkowitz, 2010.55

It’s been twenty years since planes crashed into the Twin Towers in New York City, the Pentagon in DC, and a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. Growing up in New York, I remember the excitement when the towers were being built and, a few years later, when high-wire artist Philippe Petit walked between the buildings on what seemed to be a magic thread.

SAAM's collection includes several artworks that remind us of the moments of tragedy, the enduring spirit of a nation, and the lasting impact of the events of 9/11. Thomas Ruff’s photo, jpeg de01, appears part dream and part nightmare. With many images of the tragedy on the internet, Ruff downloaded one and enlarged it so that it is pixelated beyond recognition. It is a grey and smokey aftermath of destruction, of the towers, still simmering from the fires and intense heat.

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Eric Fischl, Ten Breaths: Tumbling Woman II, 2007-2008, bronze, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the James F. Dicke Family, 2013.86, © 2008, Eric Fischl

Eric Fischl's sculpture, Ten Breaths: Tumbling Woman II, memorializes those who lost their lives. When Fischl spoke at SAAM in 2014 as part of the Clarice Smith Distinguished Lectures in American Art series, he told us "the experience of 9/11, the trauma and tragedy was amplified by the fact that there were no bodies. You had 3,000 people who died and no bodies, so the mourning process turned to the language of architecture.” In direct response to the making of his sculpture, he poignantly added, "I extended her arm in the hopes that someone would grab her arm and help slow the tumbling down."

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Roy Lichtenstein, Modern Head, 1974/1990, painted stainless steel, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Jeffrey H. Loria in loving memory of his sister, Harriet Loria Popowitz , 2008.28A-F, © Estate of Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein’s Modern Head has a different story to tell. Originally installed in Battery Park City, one block from the World Trade Center, the sculpture survived the events of 9/11. FBI agents temporarily used it as a message board, taping notes for each other to its base while they worked shifting through the rubble. It was removed from the site in November of that year and is now installed on the grounds of SAAM’s main building in Washington, DC.

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Enrique Chagoya, The Ghost of Liberty, 2004, color lithograph with chine collé on amate paper, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Susanne Joyner, 2012.51.3, © 2004, Enrique Chagoya

Enrique Chagoya was an adult when he came to the United States as an immigrant from Mexico. His print, The Ghost of Liberty, is a response to events that occurred after George W. Bush declared war on Iraq in 2003. Adopting the format of the Mesoamerican codex, or pictorial manuscript, the work is filled with seemingly incongruous cultural, religious, and political imagery. Read from right to left, the references range from the Lone Ranger and Tonto, dinosaurs, to Bush himself. Reoccurring imagery such as a plane flying over Arabic text leave the viewer to create their own interpretation on the eclipse of liberty in the years following 9/11 and the Iraq War.

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Kevin Bubriski, World Trade Center Series, New York City, 2001, gelatin silver print, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the Consolidated Natural Gas Company Foundation, 2003.65.1, © 2001, Kevin Bubriski

Kevin Bubriski’s World Trade Center Series, New York City began in the weeks and months that followed the destruction of the Twin Towers. He photographed people who gathered at Ground Zero. Frozen in awe, struck with disbelief, and overcome with loss, people stood before the destroyed building site to confront the horrible tragedy. Twenty years later, Bubriski’s photographs preserve the emotional impact of this infamous day through images of those who witnessed its aftermath first-hand.