Burning Oil Well at Night, near Rouseville, Pennsylvania

  • James Hamilton, Burning Oil Well at Night, near Rouseville, Pennsylvania, ca. 1861, oil on paperboard, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase, 1977.50

Luce Center Label

Rouseville, Pennsylvania, lay within a few miles of Titusville and Pithole City, two of the most famous boomtowns in Pennsylvania ’s oil fields. From 1859 until after the Civil War, new gushers brought investors, cardsharps, saloons, and speculators into these rural settlements. As quickly as they grew, however, the towns collapsed, often from the effects of fires like the one shown here. In the 1860s, American industrialist John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) was in the thick of this oil boom, maneuvering to establish the Standard Oil Company. Rockefeller’s investments in railroads and refineries would make him one of America’s richest men, long after the wildcatters in the Pennsylvania fields had gone bust.

Burning Oil Well at Night, near Rouseville, Pennsylvania
ca. 1861
On View
Not on view.
22 x 16 1/8 in. (55.9 x 40.9 cm)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Museum purchase

Mediums Description
oil on paperboard
  • Landscape – celestial – moon
  • Figure group
  • Disaster – fire
  • Landscape – time – night
  • Landscape – Pennsylvania – Rouseville
Object Number
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI

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