International Indian Council (Held at Tallequah, Indian Territory, in 1843)

  • John Mix Stanley, International Indian Council (Held at Tallequah, Indian Territory, in 1843), 1843, oil on canvas, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the Misses Henry, 1985.66.248,934B

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In the mid-nineteenth century, the United States government moved tribes from the Southeast to Indian Territory, which later became Oklahoma and Kansas. In 1843, Cherokee principal chief John Ross called a meeting of the tribes at Tallequah (also spelled Tahlequah) to “renew their ancient customs, and to revive their ancient alliances.” Hundreds of Native Americans attended, as did several United States government officials. John Mix Stanley was there, and a contemporary newspaper reported that the artist had with him a “Daguerreotype apparatus.” Stanley may have relied on the camera as the basis for the detailed portrait of Zachary Taylor, the gray-haired man in the center of the composition wearing a military frock coat and holding a palmetto hat. Taylor was the top-ranking government official at the meeting. (Schimmel, “John Mix Stanley and the Imagery of the West in the Nineteenth Century.” PhD diss., 1983)

Title
International Indian Council (Held at Tallequah, Indian Territory, in 1843)
Artist
Date
1843
On View
Not on view.
Dimensions
40 1/2 x 31 1/2 in. (102.8 x 80.0 cm.)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Gift of the Misses Henry

Mediums
Mediums Description
oil on canvas
Classifications
Keywords
  • Ethnic – Indian
  • History – United States – westward expansion
  • Ceremony – Indian – council
  • Figure group
Object Number
1985.66.248,934B
Palette
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI